Basic information on eggplant
Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is an herbaceous, vegetable culture that is easily grown in the garden and gives large fruits with a characteristic dark purple color.
The cultivation of eggplant began in the 5th century of the new era on the soil of China and India, so that later through the merchants it spread to the north and south of the planet.
Today, apart from the classic fruits with violet peel, other species are also grown and differ in color and shape.
The center of the eggplant is fine, soft flesh, dark white in color filled with fine, black seeds. The meat of eggplant is edible and has a mild, nuts taste (some say it tastes like mushrooms).
What is the nutritional value of eggplant?
In its chemical composition, the eggplant abounds in water, while the rest is made up of very small amounts of carbohydrates, proteins and very little fat. Due to its low calorie index, eggplant is recommended for people on a diet.
The mineral vitamin composition of eggplant is not very immeasurable because it contains traces of - potassium, iron, vitamin C, vitamin B1, B2, vitamin PP, calcium, phosphorus.
Eggplant abounds in cellulose fibers, pectin and saponins.
What are the Health Benefits of eggplant?
1. Inducing food digestion
Owing to a large number of plant and cellulose fibers, eggplant well cleans the bowel and prevents the formation of constipation, hemorrhoids, and colon inflammation.
2. Excellent for slimming
Eggplant is a low calorie food, so without worry it can be included in the slimming meals.
3. Excellent for the heart
Eggplant contains potassium, which is aware of the maintenance of normal blood pressure, especially for a diet rich in salt (NaCl). It helps in lowering the level of bad cholesterol, improving the health of the walls of the arteries and relaxing blood vessels.
4. Ideal food for Diabetics
Blue Eggplant contains a large amount of vegetable fiber with very little sugar, which makes it a vegetable that is quite desirable in the diet of diabetics.
5. Food for brain
Gama amino butyric acid (GABA) is an amino acid that has the ability to reduce anxiety, improve sleep and calm the nerves. This amino acid is in high concentration in blue eggplant, and is therefore perfect as a relaxing food during hard working days.