Basic information about Aronia
Aronia or Chokeberry (fam. Rosaceae) is a perennial plant that grows in the shape of a shrub up to a height of 2 meters. It is very reminiscent of the blueberry, because it gives fruit that is in the shape of a berry of dark blue color and opulent taste.
Aronia was first cultivated on the ground in North America, today Canada, in order to expand further on the soil of South America, where the Indians used it as a dried aronia, which they grinded into flour. They also used it for the treatment of urinary infections, for better digestion and protection against illness.
During the 20th century, the aronia spread throughout the world, even it had reached Siberia, which is known as a very cold part of the Earth, where temperatures go into a big minus. However, aronia does not bother, because it very well tolerates low temperatures and is very resistant to external factors.
Aronia contains no traces of pesticides because it does not require chemical protection against various pests and diseases.
Today there are 3 types of aronia:
1. Black aronia or Siberian aronia (Aronia melanocarpa)
2. Dark red aronia (Aronia arbutifolia)
3. Purple Aronia (Aronia prunifolia)
Of all, Aronia melanocarpa or Siberian aronia has the best quality. It is also known as wild variety and usually carries only 10 to 15 berries, but they are three times stronger and healthier than cultivated, grafted varieties of aronia.
What is the nutritional composition of Aronia?
The richness of vitamins and minerals, as well as tannin, flavonoids, anthocyanin (very important antioxidants) make the aronia uninhabitable and incomparable with the other fruits.
Aronia contains all essential vitamins - C, A, E, B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9, and also the minerals like zinc, iron, potassium, calcium, manganese, phosphorus and iodine.
What are the Health Benefits of Aronia?
1. Aronia is a true fighter in the fight against malignant cells
Anthocyanin, flavonoids and other antioxidants in aronia help to keep cancer cells under control. Aronia is used both as a preventive and therapeutic person in chemotherapy.
The presence of antioxidants in aronia, which are higher in number, but also in quality compared to blueberries, affects the inability of free radicals that damage the walls of the cells and affect the acceleration of age and cell degeneration.
2. It lowers cholesterol level, triglycerides, and speeds up circulation, cleanses and strengthens blood vessels, lowers high blood pressure
3. Regulate the glucose level and affect the work of the pancreas
4. Does not contain gluten, so it can be used in celiac disease
5. Lifting immunity and preventing diseases due to lack of immunity
6. Aids in the treatment of urinary infections
7. Efficient in the prevention of bacterial and viral infections
8. Used for incorrect operation of the thyroid gland
9. Stimulates wound healing and slows down the aging of the skin
10. Blurred migraine and headaches
11. Strengthens vision and prevents degeneration of the retina
12. It works on the mucous membrane of the stomach and intestines
To consume it all year round, the aronia can be frozen, dried, cooked like marmalade, juice, syrup, compote, wine, liqueur, brandy.
However, it is especially recommended fresh squeezed juice, which is being enough to drink once a day in the morning on an empty stomach.